Reading Comprehension

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The third defect of our civilization is that it does not know what to do with its knowledge. Science has given up powers fit for the gods, yet we use them like small children. For example, we do not know how to manage our machines. Machines were made to be man’s servants; yet he has grown so dependent on them/that they are in a fair way to become his masters. Already most men spend most of their lives looking after and waiting upon machines. And the machines are very stern masters. They must be fed with coal, and given petrol to drink, and oil to wash with/ and they must be kept at the right temperature. And if they do not get their meals when they expect them, they grow sulky and refuse to work, or burst with rage, and blow up, and spread ruin and destruction all around them. So we have to wait upon them very attentively and do all that we can to keep them in a good temper. Already we find it difficult either to work or play without the machines, and a time may come when they rule us altogether, just as we rule animals. And this brings me to the point at which I asked, “What do we do with all the time which the machines have saved for us, and the new energy that they have given us?” On, the whole, it must be admitted, we do very little. For the most part we use our time and energy to make more and better machines; but more and better machines will only give us still more time and more energy, and what we do with them? The answer I think, is that we should try to become more civilized. For the machines themselves, and the power which machines have given us, are not civilization but aids to civilization.

What do we usually do with the time and energy saved for us by the machines?

Spend our lives looking after them
no
Make more and better machines
yes
Become civilized
no
Rule animals
no
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What were the machines made for?
For serving men
yes
To be stern masters
no
To give us extra time
no
To make other machines
no
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How do we use the power given to us by Science?
Intelligently
no
Like small children
yes
Like machines
no
Like a scientist
no
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In ‘if they do not get their meals’, ‘they’ refers to.....
Machines
yes
Scientists
no
Gods
no
People
no
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What are the machines turning out to be?
Man’s servants
no
Better machines
no
The masters of men
yes
To give new energy
no
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The National Highways Network of India measures over 70,934 km as of 2010, including over 1,000 km of limited-access expressways. Out of 71,000 km of National Highways 15,000 plus km are 4 or 6 lanes and remaining 50,000 kms are 2 lanes. The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is the nodal agency responsible for building, upgrading and maintaining most of the national highways network. The National Highways Development Project (NHDP) is a major effort to expand and upgrade the network of highways. NHAI often uses a public-private partnership model for highway development, maintenance and toll-collection. National highway constituted about 2% of all the roads in India, but carried about 40% of the total road traffic as of 2010. The majority of existing national highways are two-lane roads (one lane in each direction), though much of this is being expanded to four-lanes, and some to six or eight lanes. Some sections of the network are toll roads. Over 30,000 kms of new highways are planned or under construction as part of the NHDP, as of 2011. This includes over 2,600 km of expressways currently under construction.

The majority of National Highways in India have....

Four-lanes
no
Two-lanes
yes
Six-lanes
no
Eight-lanes
no
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What is the current measurement of express-ways under construction in India?
1,000 km
no
15,000 km
no
30,000 km
yes
2,600 km
no
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What is the measurement of two-lane National Highways of India?
71,000 km
no
15,000 km
no
61,000 km
no
50,000 km
yes
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What percentage of roads in India are National Highways?
40%
no
2%
yes
30%
no
4%
no
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What is the responsibility of the NHAI?
Expansion of National Highways
no
Planning of National Highways
no
Building, upgrading and maintaining of National Highways
yes
Control of National Highways
no
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