Indian Space Programme

Despite being a developing country with the economic constraints that follow with it, India has effectively developed a credible space programmes that has broken new ground and put it in the select group of countries that can design its own satellites and now even can launch satellites.

During the formative years in the early 1960s, space research was carried out with the help of sounding rockets. The Indian Space Research Programme (ISRO), the primary body for space research in India, was founded in 1969. In the history of Indian space program, 1970s was the period of experiments with the launch of experimental satellite programmes like Aryabhatta, Bhaskara, Rohini and Apple. In the 1980s and 1990s, ISRO made impressive strides in building state-of-the-art remote sensing and communication satellites, together with their application for national development.  So far 48 major satellites have been launched, both low earth orbiting ones for remote sensing and geostationary ones for meteorology and communication.

The remote sensing satellites have been extensively used for the monitoring and management of agriculture, forests, water resources, mineral wealth, ocean resources, land use practices, environmental pollution and natural disasters and for initiating sustainable integrated development.

The Geostationary INSAT satellite have initiated a new communication revolution in the country, and are now being extensively used for nationwide broadcasting, telecommunication, education, telemedicine and healthcare, weather forecasting and disaster management.

Recently ISRO launched Chandrayaan-I, India’s first mission to moon which is major boost to India’s space programme. India’s robust launch vehicle programme has enabled the country to now offer its services to the outside world. Antrix, the commercial arm of the ISRO, has been marketing space services globally.

The Indian space program has enabled us to move to an age of easier and efficient communication and made distances disappear; the huge boom that the Indian service sector has experienced is something that stands testimony to this success story that has added a new feather in its cap.

Future projects:
• Human Space Flight Mission (2016)
• Mar’s orbiter mission (as part of Vision 2025 strategy)
• Aditya: Mini research satellite to study sun’s outermost region called Corona

Recent achievements:
• RISAT-1: all weather remote sensing satellite
• IRNSS (Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System):Reduce reliance on GPS

Socially beneficial projects:
• Village Resource Centre (VRC): to provide information on natural resources, land and water resources management, tele-medicine, tele-education, adult education, vocational training, health and family welfare programmes has been established
• Telemedicine network

Satellite Communication (Satcom) technology offers the unique capability of simultaneously reaching out to very large numbers spread over large distances even in the most remote corners of the country. The hallmark of Indian Space Programme has been the application oriented efforts and the benefits that have accrued to the country. In the past two and a half decades Indian National Satellite (INSAT) system have revolutionized the country’s telecommunications, TV broadcasting, DTH services, business communications, rural area connectivity, Tele-education, Tele-medicine, Village Resource Centres, Search and Rescue operations and Emergency Communications.

Geography Notes           Public Administration Notes         Prelims practice questions

Some appreciation please!




  Posted on Sunday, September 13th, 2015 at 11:03 AM under   Geography