Information technology revolution has brought out radical changes in the administration. It has made administration more efficient by furnishing high level of information for decision making process.
According to Simon, decision making can be rational only when it is based on efficient information regarding alternatives and knowledge about outcomes. This process is made easier with adoption of new techniques of management like MIS, PERT, CPM. (Management Information System, Program Evaluation and Review Technique, Critical Path Method).
MIS is a new entrant to the discipline of management covering the all aspects of application of technology, procedure, and people to solve business problems.
MIS consists of collecting, processing, storing, retrieving and transmitting information that is required by mangers in performing their functions. The role of MIS is to systematically generate relevant data which is useful to managers in decision making. It enables the managers to improve the quality and timeliness of their decisions and to systemize their day-to-day functioning in general.
Another role of MIS is to provide only that much information that is required by the managers for the purpose of decision making. This means that the question of information overload does not arise and only optimum information is provided. Thus there is desired degree of focus and selectivity in the information content.
MIS in many large organisations is designed with a system perspective by taking into consideration the network of processes, resource flows and information needs of the organisation. Often managers at many levels are involved and consulted in the design and implementation of MIS. These steps are needed to make the role of MIS rooted in the realities and requirements of the organisation.
MIS may be manual, mechanized or computerized but there is a relative advantage in computerized MIS especially in large organisations. The role of MIS gets enlarged both in scope and quality in computerized setting. It adds to the alertness, awareness and intelligence of managers by supplying the required information and avoiding overlapping information.
Some Appreciation Please!