"WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought , expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all.
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION."
• The preamble is both an introduction and the summary of the Constitution of India. It contains the ideals and aspirations of the people of India.
• Idea of preamble was borrowed from Constitution of USA.
• Earlier, in the Re Berubari Union case (1960), the preamble was not held to be a part of the Constitution. But later in the Keshavananda Bharati case (1973), it was held that the Preamble is a part of the Constitution, can be amended but it’s not the only source of the principles on which the Constitution is based upon.
• It has been amended only once in the year 1976 by the 42nd Constitution Amendment Act on the recommendations of Sardar Swaran Singh Committee. The words ‘socialist’ and ‘secular’ were added and the words ‘unity of the Nation’ were changed to ‘unity and integrity of the Nation’ by this amendment.
Some appreciation please!