PubAd UPSC MAINS Q&A: What is morale?

Morale has been defined as a state of mind and emotions, affecting the attitude and willingness to work. Morale is the degree of enthusiasm and willingness with which individual workers set out to perform the assigned work or responsibilities with zeal and sincerity, resulting a good team work.
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Morale is an intangible concept. It resides in the minds, attitudes and emotions of individuals and groups. It has been defined as, ‘the capacity of a group of people to pull together consistently towards a common purpose’. 

Good morale is evidenced by employee enthusiasm, voluntary conformance to with regulations and orders and a willingness to co-operate with others in the accomplishment of organization’s objective. 

Morale is combination of attitudes towards the company, job and the immediate supervisor. The term morale is equalified with either high or low. High morale is manifestation of the employees’ strength, dependability, pride, confidence and devotion. Low morale on the other hand manifests itself in frustration, low productivity, hostility, inefficiency etc.

Related Article: High morale is not the guarantee of high production, though high morale is needed for the maximization of production. Examine.

Measures to boost morale:
Unity of command: integration of worker’s goal with organization objectives will create employee’s confidence and build up high morale.

Leadership confidence: Administrative officials who are sincere, sympathetic and democratic in their working can easily establish confidence in their leadership.
Sound wage structure, favourable work environment, higher order need satisfaction, job satisfaction, sound promotion policy, grievance redressal mechanism, collective bargaining

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