Assumption-Inference-Conclusion

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By the beginning of the 20th century, several hypotheses were being proposed, suggesting a paradigm shift in our understanding of the universe. However, the clinching evidence was provided by experimental measurements of the position of a star which was directly behind our sun.

Which of the following inference(s) may be drawn from the above passage?
 (i) Our understanding of the universe changes based on the positions of stars
 (ii) Paradigm shifts usually occur at the beginning of centuries
 (iii) Stars are important objects in the universe
 (iv) Experimental evidence was important in confirming this paradigm shift
(i), (ii) and (iv)
no
(iii) only
no
(i) and (iv)
no
(iv) only
yes
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Geneticists say that they are very close to confirming the genetic roots of psychiatric illnesses such as depression and schizophrenia, and consequently, that doctors will be able to eradicate these diseases through early identification and gene therapy.

On which of the following assumptions does the statement above rely?
Strategies are now available for eliminating psychiatric illnesses
no
Certain psychiatric illnesses have a genetic basis
yes
All human diseases can be traced back to genes and how they are expressed
no
In the future, genetics will become the only relevant field for identifying psychiatric illnesses
no
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The Palghat Gap (or Palakkad Gap), a region about 30 km wide in the southern part of the Western Ghats in India, is lower than the hilly terrain to its north and south. The exact reasons for the formation of this gap are not clear. It results in the neighbouring regions of Tamil Nadu getting more rainfall from the South West monsoon and the neighbouring regions of Kerala having higher summer temperatures.

What can be inferred from this passage?
The Palghat gap is caused by high rainfall and high temperatures in southern Tamil Nadu and Kerala
no
The regions in Tamil Nadu and Kerala that are near the Palghat Gap are low–lying
no
The low terrain of the Palghat Gap has a significant impact on weather patterns in neighbouring parts of Tamil Nadu and Kerala
yes
Higher summer temperatures result in higher rainfall near the Palghat Gap area
no
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Given below are two statements followed by two conclusions. Assuming these statements to be true, decide which one logically follows.

Statements:
I. All film stars are playback singers.
II. All film directors are film stars

Conclusions:
I. All film directors are playback singers.
II. Some film stars are film directors.
Only conclusion I follows
no
Only conclusion II follows
no
Neither conclusion I nor II follows
no
Both conclusions I and II follow
yes
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Humpty Dumpty sits on a wall every day while having lunch. The wall sometimes breaks. A person sitting on the wall falls if the wall breaks.

Which one of the statements below is logically valid and can be inferred from the above sentences?
Humpty Dumpty always falls while having lunch
no
Humpty Dumpty does not fall sometimes while having lunch
yes
Humpty Dumpty never falls during dinner
no
When Humpty Dumpty does not sit on the wall, the wall does not break
no
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Statement: "Dhanno Cycles - Fast, easy to ride, impressive, reliable, crafted and up-to-date automation." - An advertisement.
Assumptions:
I. There is no other cycle with any of these features.
II. People do not bother about the cost.
Only assumption I is implicit
no
Only assumption II is implicit
no
Either I or II is implicit
no
Neither I nor II is implicit
yes
Both I and II are implicit
no
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Statement: "If you want to give any advertisement, give it in the newspaper A." - X tells Y.
Assumptions:
I. Y wants to publicise his products.
II. Newspaper A has a wide circulation.
Only assumption I is implicit
no
Only assumption II is implicit
yes
Either I or II is implicit
no
Neither I nor II is implicit
no
Both I and II are implicit
no
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Statement: The organization should promote employees on the basis of merit alone and not on the basis of length of service or seniority.
Assumptions:
I. Length of service or seniority does not alone reflect merit of an employee.
II. It is possible to determine and measure merit of an employee.
Only assumption I is implicit
no
Only assumption II is implicit
no
Either I or II is implicit
no
Neither I nor II is implicit
no
Both I and II are implicit
yes
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Statement: Today I must satisfy myself only by looking at a pink headed duck in an encyclopaedia.
Assumptions:
I. Pink headed ducks are as good as extinct now.
II. People refer to encyclopaedia to know only about things which do not exist now.
Only assumption I is implicit
yes
Only assumption II is implicit
no
Either I or II is implicit
no
Neither I nor II is implicit
no
Both I and II are implicit
no
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Statement: As there is a great demand, every person seeking tickets of the musical show will be given only five tickets.
Assumptions:
I. The organizers are not keen on selling the tickets.
II. No one is interested in getting more than five tickets.
Only assumption I is implicit
no
Only assumption II is implicit
no
Either I or II is implicit
no
Neither I nor II is implicit
yes
Both I and II are implicit
no
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